With the consent of the interviewees, all interviews was registered and you can transcribed

With the consent of the interviewees, all interviews was registered and you can transcribed

To help you represent the fresh in your neighborhood calculated functions out of gender also out-of susceptability, the study is based on a situation study of a rural element of Este Sauce Town, an awful municipality one faces significant risk of drought. Ashwill, Blossoms, and Flora ( 2011, step one ) argue that regional studies are important because “environment alter affects is actually very diverse and you can perspective particular.”

Like, of five Federal Agricultural Censuses which were carried out within the Nicaragua, just one or two, of 2001 and 2011, try in public areas availableparisons over the years predicated on formal statistics are therefore difficult to generate

The details found in this article was indeed compiled for the forty-seven semistructured interviews held toward three independent https://datingmentor.org/cs/onenightfriend-recenze/ instances through the dead as the better since the moist 12 months that have nine male thoughts regarding home, 9 females residing men-on course home, and you may eight females thoughts from home, every one of whom had been mestizo (regarding blended Spanish and you can local origins). This new interview grabbed personal information, family members composition, livelihoods and you will division out of labor, absolute resources, drought influences and you may house measures over time, department out of property and you may energy, and you may mix-height actions. 2

Agencies of one’s Renewable Land Administration Endeavor, financed because of the Un Innovation Program, triggerred this new introductions into the first interviewees, then brand new snowball strategy step three was used to understand the fresh other individuals. There was a prejudice to the earlier interviewees (several between twenty and you can thirty-nine yrs . old, 12 ranging from 40 and you can 50-9, and you may several more than 60) 4 so you can assists evaluation to the mans feedback into change over go out. And the data on the interviews, the article spends guidance away from independent attract organizations with guys and ladies, and you will off meetings that have secret informants out-of political and you may nongovernmental groups in the Nicaragua in 2008 and you will .

Interview and dental records try ways to begin to discover just how men and women have had to negotiate their lives items, nonetheless likewise have components of external realities, like the date drinkable liquid are strung. Versus an actual understanding of man’s event, this isn’t it is possible to in order to comprehend their own put-depending vulnerabilities and you may capacities as they understand her or him, as well as how they have molded their dealing and adaptation. Also, the newest interviewees and key informants considering information that’s not readily available in the official statistics. Neither perform the agricultural censuses constantly become gender-classified study within regional peak or cover adequate issue to help you enable a diagnosis away from people’s life additionally the known reasons for its decision-while making. Where formal data can be used in the text below, it is to place the issue in case investigation area from inside the a greater perspective. As well as the number one sources, additional supply were used where available to contextualize some of the changes raised by interviewees. Similarly to help you how Malin Thor ( 2006 ) makes reference to their oral background browse, the outcome of the secret informant conferences, interviews, and concentrate organizations are therefore used in two different ways: partially due to the fact subjective account of your own reputation of gendered lifetime while in the drought, and you will partly just like the truthful levels you to match and will feel complemented by the established authored provide during the a repair of the identical record.

Gender and you will Vulnerability: A conceptual Design

A keen integrative build that mixes susceptability, gender, and you can a funds framework is utilized for the research throughout the sections below (find Figure 1 ). Vulnerability, or “the newest sensitiveness as hurt” ( Adger 2006, 269 ), is in this article a purpose of three size: individuals’ and you will households’ (1) contact with drought; (2) capability to manage of the implementing loss government activities geared towards new condition during or shortly after an effective drought (dealing procedures make an effort to clean out loss temporarily into the purchase to prevent the newest danger out-of are a natural disaster-the outcomes of the mix of a hazard and you can susceptability); and you can (3) capacity to conform to a climate that has become more dry and dryer time immemorial of one’s 70s. Adaptation procedures tend to have a enough time-identity objective than simply coping: to change, reconstitute, and you will rearrange social-environmental assistance to match contexts and requirements having changed due so you’re able to a continuous chances from threats. A decrease in vulnerability is far more apt to be reached by way of adaptation ( Smit and you may Pilifosova 2001 ; Segnestam 2009 ). Although not, there is a risk the observed methods get unintended negative has an effect on which could boost in lieu of lose susceptability among more groups and you will public organizations. This is exactly erosive coping ( Warner mais aussi al. 2012 ) or maladaptation ( McDowell, Moe, and you can Hess 2010 ).

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О ремонте и тюнинге авто 1.2

Процесс улучшения или починки автомобиля обязательно когда-нибудь обратит на себя внимание каждого автолюбителя. И здесь не важны факторы стажа или марки автомашины. Автомобиль все более и более заметно становится частью статуса и показателя престижа человека нашего времени. То, что находится под капотом, исправность и плавность работы, практичность — все это непосредственно отражается в глазах общества.

Но ремонт автомобиля часто вызывает у владельцев множество хлопот. Совокупность различных действий, направленных на устранение неисправностей, включает в себя несколько этапов: от поиска причины повреждения до её исправления. Здесь автовладельцы бывают двух категорий: решающие проблему ремонта самостоятельно и пользующиеся услугами автомастерских.

With the consent of the interviewees, all interviews was registered and you can transcribed

Тема замены запасных частей касается абсолютно каждого, кто пользуется автомашиной. Замена летней и зимней резины уже превратилась в настоящий сезонный бизнес. Большое количество водителей желает использовать свою машину как можно больше времени. Но любой механизм имеет срок эксплуатации и скоро изнашивается. Здесь и необходима замена различных автозапчастей. Это может быть масло, поршневые кольца, сцепление или пресловутая электроника. К тому же никто не защищен от ошибок. Попадание в аварию частенько зависит только от удачи человека. Что нередко и является причиной ремонта.

With the consent of the interviewees, all interviews was registered and you can transcribed

Очень часто автолюбители производят тюнинг автомобиля, т.е. доработку или улучшение характеристик автомашины, заложенных при ее конструировании. При этом основные силы направлены либо на увеличение мощности автомобиля, либо на его внешний вид или комфорт. Первое ориентировано на выжимку максимально возможного потенциала. И чтобы достичь максимума, энтузиасты пускают в ход довольно любопытные уловки. Второе же сосредоточено на достижении оригинального, неповторимого стиля автомобиля. Иногда это приводит к модингу авто — внесение индивидуальных особенностей во внешний вид автомашины.

With the consent of the interviewees, all interviews was registered and you can transcribed

Модернизация автомобиля действительно способна преобразить автомобиль, сделать из него совершенно новый, иногда может получиться даже что-то неповторимое. Это движение распространено повсеместно. Большое количество лиц, имеющих реальный интерес к данному делу, пытается внести что-то новое в эту сферу. Существуют даже соревнования по тюнингу.

With the consent of the interviewees, all interviews was registered and you can transcribed

В любом случае, содержать свою автомашину опрятной — обязанность каждого автолюбителя. Ведь процесс вождения — это процесс свободного парения над дорогой. И то состояние машины, в которой ты сидишь — отражение твоей собственной воли и достоинства.